Titles announced for Prince William and Catherine Middleton

Published 29 April 2011

The Queen has today been pleased to confer a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales. His titles will be Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus.

THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT IS ISSUED BY THE PRESS SECRETARY TO THE QUEEN

The Queen has today been pleased to confer a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales. His titles will be Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus.

Prince William thus becomes His Royal Highness The Duke of  Cambridge and Miss Catherine Middleton on marriage will become Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge.

DUKEDOM: Cambridge

In 1706 George Augustus (subsequently George II) the only son of George Ludwig, Elector of Hanover (subsequently George I of Great Britain) was created with other titles Duke of Cambridge.   On the accession of his father to the throne in 1714 he also became Duke of Cornwall and was created Prince of Wales.   On his own accession to the throne in 1727 the Dukedom of Cambridge merged with The Crown and ceased. 

Cambridge was previously a Royal Dukedom and four sons of James, Duke of York (afterwards James II) who died in infancy were all created Duke of Cambridge.   As an Earldom Cambridge was a medieval Royal title.   Edward IV was Duke of York and Earl of Cambridge till proclaimed King of England in 1461 when his titles merged with The Crown.  

His father and grandfather both Richard Plantagenet were both Earls of Cambridge and the latter was also Duke of York.   Edmund of Langley, 5th son of Edward III and great-grandfather of Edward IV, was created Earl of Cambridge in 1362 and Duke of York in 1385. 

The Dukedom of Cambridge created in 1801 became extinct on the death of the 2nd Duke of Cambridge in 1904.   Cambridge existed as a Marquessate from 1917 when it was conferred on Queen Mary’s brother till 1981 when the 2nd Marquess died and the title became extinct.

EARLDOM: Strathearn

Strathearn has had Royal connections since Robert Stewart, High Steward of Scotland, was created Earl of Strathearn in 1357.   In 1371 he succeeded his Uncle as King of Scotland becoming Robert II and the Earldom merged with The Crown Robert II created his 5th son David, Earl of Strathearn in 1371. Subsequently in 1427 the 6th son of Robert II was created Earl of Strathearn. 

In 1766 George III’s younger brother Prince Henry Frederick was created Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn.   He died without issue in 1790 and in 1799 Queen Victoria’s father was created Duke of Kent and Strathearn.   These Dukedoms became extinct on his death in 1820.  Finally, Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, 3rd son of Queen Victoria was created Duke of Connaught and Strathearn in 1874.  He died in 1942 and was succeeded by his grandson who died the following year 1943 since when Strathearn as a title has been extinct.

BARONY: Carrickfergus

An Irish Viscountcy of Chichester of Carrickfergus now held by the Marquess of Donegall was created in 1625  but Carrickfergus alone only existed as a title between 1841 and 1883.   The 3rd Marquess of Donegall was created Baron Ennishowen and Carrickfergus, of Ennishowen, co: Donegal and Carrickfergus, co: Antrim.   He died in 1883 being succeeded by his brother and the Barony became extinct.

Carrickfergus is County Antrim’s oldest town.  The word means Rock of Fergus andas an urban settlement it predates Belfast. It is on the north shore of Belfast Lough and is the site of Carrickfergus Castle which dates from circa 1180 and is one of the best preserved Castles in Ireland.

Related content

Christmas Broadcast 2011

It is through this lens of history that we should view the conflicts of today, and so give us hope for tomorrow.

17 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 2012

At Christmas I am always struck by how the spirit of togetherness lies also at the heart of the Christmas story.

17 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 1997

Being united - that is, feeling a unity of purpose - is the glue that bonds together the members of a family, a country, a Commonwealth.

16 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 2002

All great religions have such times of renewal, moments to take stock before moving on to face the challenges which lie ahead.

16 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 1977

My hope this Christmas is that the Christian spirit of reconciliation may burn as strongly in our hearts during the coming year.

11 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 1972

In the United Kingdom we have our own particular sorrows in Northern Ireland and I want to send a special message of sympathy to all those men, women and children who have...

10 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 1974

My message today is one of encouragement and hope.

10 November 2015

Christmas Broadcast 1975

Then Christmas comes, and once again we are reminded that people matter, and it is our relationship with one another that is most important.

10 November 2015
Press release 05 June 2015

The christening of Princess Charlotte

Read more
Press release 04 May 2015

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby

Read more

Christmas Broadcast 2014

For every poppy a life; and a reminder of the grief of loved ones left behind.

25 December 2014

Christmas Broadcast 2013

We are forever grateful to all those who put themselves at risk to keep us safe.

25 December 2013
Press release 23 October 2013

The Christening of Prince George : Guests and Godparents

Read more
Press release 22 October 2013

The Christening of Prince George: Official Photographer

Read more
Press release 27 September 2013

The christening of Prince George of Cambridge

Read more
Press release 24 July 2013

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby

Read more
Press release 23 July 2013

A message from The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge

Read more
Press release 22 July 2013

The Duchess of Cambridge has been delivered of a son

Read more
Press release 01 January 2013

The Queen’s Medal for Music 2013

Read more
Press release 06 May 2011

The Royal Wedding online

Read more
Press release 30 April 2011

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge: The Honeymoon

Read more
Press release 29 April 2011

The Royal Wedding Lunchtime Reception

Read more
Press release 29 April 2011

The Bishop of London's Sermon

Read more
Press release 29 April 2011

Prince William and Catherine Middleton's Wedding Prayer

Read more
Press release 29 April 2011

The Bridegroom and Best Man Uniforms

Read more
Press release 29 April 2011

Miss Middleton's Wedding Ring

Read more
Press release 28 April 2011

Royal Wedding: Ministry of Defence Path-liners

Read more
Press release 28 April 2011

Music for the Wedding Service

Read more