The Duke of CambridgeThe Duke of CambridgeThe Duke of Cambridge

About The Duke of Cambridge

The Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) is the second in line to the throne and the elder son of The Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales. His Royal Highness is married to The Duchess of Cambridge, Catherine, with whom he has two children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte. The family's official residence is Kensington Palace. His Royal Highness undertakes a number of charitable activities and projects and carries out public and official duties in support of The Queen, in the UK and overseas.

Conservation 

Conservation work and supporting communities to protect their natural environment for future generations has been one of The Duke's key priorities for a number of years. His Royal Highness has publically supported initiatives to fund conservation, community development and environmental education programmes across Africa as Royal Patron of the Tusk Trust, in a bid to highlight the inspiring conservation work that is being undertaken to a global audience. 

Let us not tell our children the sad tale of how we watched as the last elephants, rhinos and tigers died out, but the inspiring story of how we turned the tide and preserved them for all humanity.

The Duke of Cambridge, October 2015

Through the Royal Foundation, The Duke has founded 'United for Wildlife' an unprecedented collaboration between seven of the world’s most influential conservation organisations committed to tackling the global challenges that threaten the world’s natural resources. An area of particular interest to The Duke is the illegal wildlife trade, which has seen United for Wildlife bring together an international task force, chaired by William Hague, to deal head-on with the trafficking of illegal wildlife products, by collaborating with key contacts in the international transport industry. In March 2016, The Duke unveiled an ambitious, transport industry-led Declaration developed by the transport sector to crack down on illegal wildlife trafficking routes, signed by global transport leaders at Buckingham Palace. His Royal Highness has raised this urgent problem with global leaders, including the Presidents of Vietnam, China and the United States, and in 2015 delivered a speech aired on CCTV1 - the station with the largest audience in China - on the critical work needed to combat the trading of illegal wildlife goods.

Young people

The Duke of Cambridge is committed to helping children and young people to build their skills, confidence and aspirations. Through his charitable work, His Royal Highness has strived to raise awareness of how serious issues can affect young people, for example homelessness and bullying. In 2016, The Duke convened a new industry-led taskforce to develop a shared response to the online bullying of young people.

The Duke also champions the benefits of equipping young people with essential skills and training to enhance both their personal and professional lives, in particular by highlighting youth-engaging programmes, such as those run by Coach Core and Skillforce, that work with the hard-to-reach and make a difference to young people and their surrounding communities.

    

The Armed Forces 

Having completed seven-and-a-half years of full-time military service, promoting the important role and the welfare of those who are serving or who have served their country in the Armed Forces is a key focus for The Duke's charitable activities. Through their programme of official engagements, both The Duke and Prince Harry have shone a light on the ongoing challenges facing service personnel making the transition to civilian life.

As Patron of the Royal Air Force Battle of Britain Memorial Flight and Honorary Air Commandant of Royal Air Force Coningsby, His Royal Highness has also drawn attention to the crucial role played by UK air defence, alongside recognising and commemorating its important history.

The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry 

The Duke of Cambridge, like his wife The Duchess of Cambridge and his brother, Prince Harry, also directs his charitable activities through The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry. The Foundation develops programmes and charitable projects based on the interests of Their Royal Highnesses by working with organisations which are already making a proven impact in their respective fields. The Royal Foundation provides additional investment, mentoring, support and partnerships for these programmes, and lends its own profile and leverage to enhance the effect of their good work.

Heads Together

In 2017 The Duke spearheaded the Heads Together mental health campaign with The Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, leading a coalition of eight mental health charity partners to change the national conversation on mental health. The campaign aimed to build on existing progress nationwide in tackling stigma, raising awareness, and providing vital help for people with mental health problems. 

The coalition of charities covered a wide range of mental health issues and worked in areas that were in line with The Duke and Duchess and Prince Harry's interests. They were: the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families; Best Beginnings; CALM – The Campaign Against Living Miserably; Contact (a military mental health coalition); Mind; Place2Be; The Mix; and Young Minds. 

Heads Together was privileged to be the 2017 Virgin Money London Marathon Charity of the Year giving the campaign a positive platform to raise funds for the charity partners and to start millions of conversations about mental wellbeing. 

Biography

The Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) is the elder son of The Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales. 

He was given the title The Duke of Cambridge by The Queen on the day he married Miss Catherine Middleton in 2011. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have two children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte. Their official residence is Kensington Palace, but they also spend some time at their private residence on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk. 

Early life

The Duke of Cambridge was born at 9.03pm on 21 June 1982, at St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, London. A bulletin, placed on the gates of Buckingham Palace announced that he weighed 7lb 1 1/2 oz.

On 4 August 1982, Prince William Arthur Philip Louis was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Robert Runcie, in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace.

Education

Prince William began his education at Mrs Mynors Nursery School in west London before becoming a pupil at the pre-prep Wetherby School in 1987.

From 1990, the young Prince attended Ludgrove School in Berkshire for five years until he started at Eton College in 1995 where he took his GCSEs and A Levels. During his time at Eton, Prince William was made a House Captain of Games, House Captain and Prefect. He left Eton in 2000 with A Levels in Geography, Biology and History of Art. 

Like many students, The Duke of Cambridge chose to have a gap year before beginning his university course in order to travel and gain a variety of new experiences. 

He undertook a number of new activities during the year, including 'preparation for survival' exercises with the Welsh Guards in Belize, working as a volunteer with Raleigh International in Chile, working on a dairy farm in the UK and visiting countries in Africa.

University 

In September 2001 The Duke of Cambridge began a four-year Master of Arts degree course in History of Art at St. Andrews University in Scotland. After two years, The Duke decided to major in Geography rather than History of Art. For his final dissertation, His Royal Highness chose to study the coral reefs of Rodrigues in the Indian Ocean. He also went on a field trip to Norway to see the Jostedalen ice cap - the largest in mainland Europe.

While at university, The Duke enjoyed a number of hobbies including water polo and was selected to represent the Scottish national universities water polo team in the annual Celtic Nations tournament against Wales and Ireland.

The Duke graduated in June 2005 with a 2:1 Master of Arts (Honours) in Geography after four years of study. The Queen, The Duke of Edinburgh, The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall attended his graduation. 

Military career

Following university, The Duke joined the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst as an Officer Cadet. 

After completing his 44-week training course, he was commissioned as an Army Officer in December 2006 and joined the Household Cavalry (Blues and Royals) as a Second Lieutenant. A year later, he was promoted to rank of Lieutenant. The Duke decided to pursue a flying career in the military and began training as a Search and Rescue pilot in early 2009. Following various skill-based training exercises and exams, Flight Lieutenant Wales, as he was known in the RAF, joined C Flight, 22 Squadron at RAF Valley in Anglesey in September 2010 as a Search and Rescue Pilot. He spent three years as a Search and Rescue Pilot, during which time he undertook 156 search and rescue operations, undertook a routine operational deployment to the Falkland Islands, and qualified as an operational Captain. 

East Anglian Air Ambulance

After leaving operational duties with the Armed Forces, The Duke retrained to become an Air Ambulance Pilot and worked for East Anglian Air Ambulance from March 2015 until July 2017. The Duke piloted operational missions out of Cambridge Airport, as part of a team including specialist doctors, critical care paramedics and pilots providing emergency medical services across Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk. The role required him to fly 999 emergency response teams to patients, landing at road sides, beaches, car parks, suburban gardens and school playing fields – getting the critical care team to the patient as quickly as possible. 

Of his time working with EAAA, The Duke said: "It has been a huge privilege to fly with the East Anglian Air Ambulance. … I have loved being part of a team of professional, talented people that save lives every day. My admiration for our country's medical and emergency services community could not be any stronger."

Family life 

On 29 April 2011, Prince William married Miss Catherine Middleton. The couple met while at St. Andrews University and are now known as The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

They have two children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte. Their official residence is Kensington Palace in London, which is where the family are increasingly based as The Duke and Duchess continue to increase their official work on behalf of The Queen. Prince George will attend school in London and Princess Charlotte will go to nursery and eventually school in London. The family also spend some time living privately on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, which was where they were based while The Duke worked for East Anglian Air Ambulance. Prince George attended nursery in Norfolk during this time.

Titles

On the occasion of his marriage, The Queen conferred a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales. He received the titles Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus. 

On St. George's Day 2008 The Queen appointed Prince William to be a Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter and in her Diamond Jubilee year, 2012, The Queen appointed His Royal Highness to the Order of the Thistle.

Supporting The Queen

The Duke of Cambridge is greatly inspired by the example of duty and leadership of his grandmother, The Queen and his father, The Prince of Wales. He works in support of The Queen and the Royal Family through his programme of charitable work, Royal duties, and in carrying out engagements in the UK and on official tours overseas. 

All of us who will inherit the legacy of my grandmother’s reign and generation need to do all we can to celebrate and learn from her story. Speaking for myself, I am privileged to have The Queen as a model for a life of service to the public.

The Duke of Cambridge, 2015

The Duke undertakes a number of Royal duties in support of, and at times on behalf of, The Queen in a variety of ways. He takes part in a number of important Royal and official occasions, such as welcoming visiting Heads of State on Official State Visits to the UK, Trooping the Colour and the Order of The Garter in Windsor. 

Together with The Queen, The Prince of Wales and The Princess Royal, The Duke hosts Investitures at Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle throughout the year. At these ceremonies, The Duke presents medals to those who have been awarded honours in the New Year’s Honours List or The Queen’s Birthday Honours List.

His Royal Highness also plays a lead role in moments of national Remembrance, by laying a wreath at the Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph in Central London, and also attending significant services across the UK, Europe, Realms and the Commonwealth.

Royal patronage

The Duke is currently president or Royal Patron of nearly 30 organisations and institutions, which reflect his interest in their work, their importance to the nation, and issues he wishes to support. The Duke shares a common association with a number of these institutions with The Queen, including The Royal Marsden and England's Football Association. In his role as President of The Football Association, he arranged through his grandmother, as Patron of the FA, to host a competitive grassroots football match at Buckingham Palace in 2014, to celebrate 150 years of the Association. At the end of The Queen's 90th birthday year, in 2016, Her Majesty stepped down as Patron from a number of national organisations – the Royal African Society, Welsh Rugby Union and Amateur Swimming Association (now Swim England) patronages were passed on to The Duke.

Official engagements

Alongside his Royal patronages, His Royal Highness also makes a series of official visits to towns and cities across the UK, to champion work being done by organisations in the region; visit areas or sites of significance; and meet a broad range of people who are making a significant contribution to their community.  

Overseas tours

The Duke of Cambridge has carried out a number of overseas visits, including to Realm and Commonwealth nations on behalf of The Queen, or to undertake an official tour to represent Britain at the request of the Government. His Royal Highness carried out his first solo engagements representing The Queen in July 2005, as part of a private tour of New Zealand, where he attended ceremonies to mark the 60th anniversary of the Second World War in New Zealand and met veterans in Wellington and Auckland. He has visited a number of countries since, including joining The Duchess of Cambridge on her first official overseas tour to Canada in July 2011. In 2012 Their Royal Highnesses visited Malaysia, Singapore, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu as part of Her Majesty The Queen's Diamond Jubilee year celebrations. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, with Prince George, then visited New Zealand and Australia in Spring 2014, followed by New York in December 2014. The Duke and Duchess visited India, Bhutan and Canada in 2016. In 2017, Their Royal Highnesses visited Paris, Poland, Germany and attended the Passchendaele Commemorations in Belgium.

Special military relationships

As a senior member of the Royal Family, The Duke is affiliated to a number of military regiments from all three branches of the British Armed Forces, as appointed by The Queen.

In August 2006, The Queen appointed new Royal Commodores of various Royal Navy Commands in recognition of the strong links between the Royal Navy and the Royal Family. The Duke of Cambridge was appointed Commodore-in-Chief of Scotland and Commodore-in-Chief of Submarines.

In October 2008, The Queen appointed new Royal Air Force honorary appointments in recognition of the strong links between the Royal Air Force and the Royal Family. The Duke was appointed Honorary Air Commandant of Royal Air Force Coningsby.

In February 2011, The Queen gave her formal approval to the appointment of The Duke as Royal Colonel of the Irish Guards.  It is The Duke's first honorary appointment in the Army, and His Royal Highness has become the Irish Guards’ first Royal Colonel. The Queen is Colonel-in-Chief of the regiment.
 

Charities and Patronages

  • 100 Women in Finance Next Gen

    To supports chartities in the field of family health, mentoring and education. From January 2010 it will support three of PW's charities with whom he has a formal association: 2010 Centrepoint; 2011 Child Bereavement Charity; and 2012 Skill Force. From 2013, they will support two of The Duchess of Cambridge's Charities (in 2013, Action on Addiction and in 2015, The Art Room) and one of Prince Harry's Charities (in 2014, WellChild).

    Region: UK-wide
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Countess of Wessex, Global Ambassador
    The Duke of Cambridge, Patron
    The Duchess of Cambridge, Patron
  • Centrepoint

    National charity providing accommodation and support for socially excluded, homeless young people.

    Region: UK-wide
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Patron
  • Child Bereavement UK

    Offer support to children and families who have been bereaved.

    Region: UK-wide
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Royal Patron
  • Defence and National Rehabilitation Centre

    Rehabilition Centre for the military

    Region: UK-wide
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Patron
  • English Schools Swimming Association

    Encourage school children to learn to swim and compete at several levels - for their school, their district and their country.

    Region: UK (England)
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Patron
  • Henry van Straubenzee Memorial Fund

    Aims to lift children out of poverty through education. Funds are directed to projects in south-east region of Uganda.

    Region: International
    Members of the Royal Family:
    Prince Harry, Joint Patrons
    The Duke of Cambridge, Joint Patrons
  • Honourable Society Of The Middle Temple, The

    Middle Temple is one of the four Inns of Court which have the exclusive right to Call students to the Bar. The education and training of advocates lie at the heart of the Inn, but we are also a professional society for our membership worldwide; and we maintain a heritage estate in central London housing chambers from which barristers practise.

    Region: UK (England)
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Royal Master Of The Bench
  • Irish Guards

    Infantry regiment of the Foot Guards of the British Army.

    Region: UK-wide
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Colonel
    Her Majesty The Queen, Colonel-in-Chief
  • Metropolitan & City Police Orphans Fund

    The Orphans Fund began in 1870 as an Orphanage, which makes it the oldest police charity in the world. In 2020 we will be celebrating our 150th anniversary. The Orphanage closed in 1937 and the modern charity began, which makes 2017 our 80th anniversary.

    Region: UK-wide
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Patron of the Metropolitan & City Police Orphans Fund
  • Mountain Rescue Council England & Wales

    The national co-ordinating body for volunteer search and rescue teams in England and Wales.

    Region: UK (England)
    Members of the Royal Family:
    The Duke of Cambridge, Patron

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